The Lantern Festival, also known as the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, the Lantern Festival or the Lantern Festival, is the first important festival after the Spring Festival, is Chinese is also one of the Chinese characters cultural circle of the region and the overseas Chinese traditional festival. The first month of the lunar calendar is the lunar month. The ancients called the night “night”, so the first month of the first month of the year was called the Lantern Festival fifteen.
The traditional custom of enjoying the moonlight, like fireworks, lamp lantern riddles, eating lantern, is pull the rabbit lamp. In addition, many places also increased the Lantern Festival playing the dragon, playing the lions, stilt, land boat, yangko dance, beating drums and other traditional folk performances.
The Eastern Han Dynasty Emperor Ming period, the Emperor Ming to promote Buddhism, Buddhism has heard fifteen January Buddhist relics, on the order of the day night at the Imperial Palace and temples to show respect to Buddha among common people are hanging lights, also formed the Lantern Festival lanterns. In the future, the Buddhist ceremonial festivals have gradually formed a grand folk festival. The festival has gone through the development process from the palace to the folk, from the Central Plains to the whole country.
Han folk custom
Eat the Lantern Festival
At fifteen of the first month of the lunar month, “Yuanxiao” as a food, in China has also been a long time. The Song Dynasty, the folk is popular a new kind of food eaten by the Lantern Festival. This kind of food, the first called “floating element” called the “Lantern Festival”, also called “gold business”. The Lantern Festival is “Glutinous Rice Balls” to sugar, roses, sesame, bean paste, Huang, walnut, jujube nuts, such as filling, with glutinous rice flour into a circular package, can meat flavor. Soup can be boiled, fried, steamed, meaning there is a happy reunion. Shaanxi’s Tangyuan is not a package, but in the glutinous rice flour “roll” into, or boil the sauce or fry, hot and hot fire, round round.
Guess lantern riddles
This is a unique style of traditional folk culture and entertainment, which is unique to China. It is a special activity of the Lantern Festival which has been spread from ancient times. On the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar, the traditional folk should be hung lanterns, fireworks, but there are haoshizhe riddles written on the note, affixed to the lanterns for people to guess the resplendent with variegated coloration. Because riddles can enlighten wisdom and meet the festival atmosphere, many people respond to riddles, and then guessing riddles have gradually become an indispensable program for the Lantern Festival. Lantern riddles festive atmosphere show the ancient people’s ability and cleverness and yearning for a better life.
The lion dance is Chinese excellent folk art, whenever the Lantern Festival celebration, folk with lion dances to drinking. This custom originated in the Three Kingdoms period, the northern and Southern Dynasties began to prevail, and has been one thousand years of history.
The “Lion Dance” began in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, flourished in the Tang, also known as the “Lion Dance”, “too, music” usually performed by three people, two people dressed as a lion, a person acting as a lion’s head, who act as the body and the back foot, the other person when the lion dance was also cited, the the lion dance performance is gentle, shaking hair, roll and other movements, Wushi showed the ferocity of the lion, a high rolling ball, jump and pedal action.
Lantern Festival is like Chinese New Year, Tomb Sweeping Day, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid Autumn Festival. It’s a traditional Chinese festival. In fact, its cultural connotation and social value are far better than other festivals.
Chinese Valentine’s Day
The Lantern Festival is also romantic in China traditional festivals, the Lantern Festival in the traditional feudal society, provides an opportunity for unmarried men and women met, young girls in traditional society were not allowed to go out freely, but they can go out for fun, the Lantern Festival lights is just an opportunity to make friends, unmarried men and women also can identify the object itself through flowers light.
During the Lantern Festival, it is the time for the young men and women to meet their lovers. So the Lantern Festival is an authentic Chinese Valentine’s day.